The Educational Strategy of Egypt

Did you know that Egypt is considered the cradle of civilization? It has evolved successfully through thousands of years, and its people have made significant contributions to our current appreciation for math, science, and art.

Early civilization has a legitimate influence on Egypt’s educational system. Education in ancient Egypt was practical, technical, professional, and utilitarian.

Its goal was to create societal stability by classifying people into social, political, and economic groups.

Early Egyptian education also favored a religious worldview. Thus, education included theological and philosophical studies in order to achieve the society’s beliefs and aspirations.

The Egyptian government began to prioritize education reform at the turn of the twenty-first century.

Egypt was able to enhance access to early childhood care and education, as well as the integration of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) at all levels of education, particularly at the postsecondary level, with the assistance of the World Bank and other multilateral organizations.

Egypt unveiled its National Strategic Plan for Pre-University Education Reform in 2008. The Strategic Plan, titled “Towards an Educational Paradigm Shift,” reflects Egypt’s commitment to a comprehensive, long-term, and collaborative approach to delivering quality education for all and establishing a knowledge society.

Egypt’s Ministry of Education and Technical Education began an ambitious set of changes in 2018 to line with the country’s newly formed 2030 Strategic Vision for social and economic progress, which included a dedicated 7th pillar for education and training.

The educational reforms aimed to bring large-scale transformation to the country’s education system, which had consistently faced persistent strains due to a rapidly growing student population, deteriorating teaching quality, rigid curriculum, inequality, apprehensive political will for change, and a lack of resources.

The reforms, known as Education 2.0, sought to modernize the country’s education system and improve the quality of education for K-12 students.

Egypt has worked for three years to change education into a competency-based system, revising 30 educational programs and creating new ones.

Egypt’s Ministry of Education announced the launch of the National Strategy to Reform and Develop Technical Education “TE 2.0” in August 2022, to meet the needs of the workforce market according to international standards, as well as the most recent developments regarding the country’s new curricula and systems of Technical Education.

85 curriculums have been redesigned and changed in total. The revised curricula will be applied to all first-year students in private and public schools that have already implemented the new programs.

The Minister of Education approved the evaluation system for Technical Education, which is based on formative assessment and allows students’ progress to be tracked. Its objective is to train technical education cadres through various programs such as the TVET program, which is supported by the EU and the Egyptian government.

The project provides technical support to the comprehensive Technical Education project, which is supported by the German government through the German Corporation for International Cooperation GmbH, as well as the Egypt Workforce project, which is funded by USAID Egypt.

The Technical instruction 2.0 initiative was inspired in part by World Bank evaluations of Egypt’s TVET sector between 2012 and 2014, which revealed that Egypt prioritized the number of students moving through the system over the quality of instruction.

Currently, there are over 2.2 million students enrolled in technical education, which is greater than the 1.9 million enrolled in secondary education.

More students pursue technical education, maybe as a result of failing to meet the minimal grade requirements for secondary education, which is the most popular option because it leads to university study.

Egypt has begun to implement improvements in its 2,300 technical schools through the TE 2.0 strategy, with the goal of providing jobs to graduates after three years of training, when they are 18 to 19 years old.

There are four groups in the technical education sector.Around half of all students, 1.1 million, are enrolled in industrial training, followed by 0.9 million in commercial technical education. The latter is popular with young women, who make up 65% of students. Agriculture and tourism are the other categories.

Because the Egyptian economy cannot absorb all graduates, educational skills are being revised to match job options outside of Egypt. By September 2024, all technical schools are intended to have implemented the competency-based approach, and all teachers will be evaluated.

In Egypt, vocational/technical training is not a new notion, but it is critical. The emphasis on vocational and technical training must be maintained in order to produce the necessary skilled labor and reduce the unemployment rate.

Egypt has begun to revamp its 2,300 technical schools under the TE 2.0 strategy, with the goal of placing graduates in jobs after three years of training, when they are 18 to 19 years old.

The technical education sector is divided into four categories. 1.1 million students are enrolled in industrial training, whereas 0.9 million are enrolled in commercial technical education.

The latter is popular among young women, who account for 65% of pupils. The other two areas are agriculture and tourism.

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